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Republic of India Bharat Ganrajya

Writer : acc Date : 2013-08-30 (Fi) 02:25 Clicks : 1563


Republic of India
Bharat Ganrajya
Horizontal tricolour flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes. Three lions facing left, right, and toward viewer, atop a frieze containing a galloping horse, a 24-spoke wheel, and an elephant. Underneath is a motto: "सत्यमेव जयते".
Flag Emblem
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"[1]
Anthem: Jana Gana Mana
"Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"[2][3]
National song:
Vande Mataram
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"[a][1][3]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green;
claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Capital New Delhi
28°36.8′N 77°12.5′E
Largest city Mumbai
Official languages
Recognised regional languages
National language None
Demonym Indian
Government Federal parliamentary
constitutional republic[1]
 -  President Pranab Mukherjee
 -  Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari
 -  Prime Minister Manmohan Singh (INC)
 -  Speaker of the House Meira Kumar (INC)
 -  Chief Justice P. Sathasivam[6]
Legislature Parliament of India
 -  Upper house Rajya Sabha
 -  Lower house Lok Sabha
Independence from the United Kingdom
 -  Dominion 15 August 1947 
 -  Republic 26 January 1950 
Area
 -  Total 3,287,263 km2[b] (7th)
1,269,219 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 9.6
Population
 -  2011 census 1,210,193,422[7] (2nd)
 -  Density 374.6/km2 (31st)
970.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $4.711 trillion[8] (3rd)
 -  Per capita $3,851[8] (129th)
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $1.825 trillion [9] (10th)
 -  Per capita $1,592[8] (140th)
Gini (2010) 33.9[10]
medium · 79th
HDI (2012) Increase 0.554[11][12]
medium · 136th (medium)
Currency Indian rupee (INR) (INR)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (


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